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Rodan and Fields Review : A Complete Guide on Rodan and Fields Business Plan

Yesterday, we had a small get together wherein one of my friend came up explaining to me about Rodan & Fields that mainly offers beauty care products.

Speaking to him, I realized that I need to do proper research about this company before I buy any of their products.

Do you wanna know what I found? Then come let take a rid about the Rodan & Fields review…

What Is Rodan and Fields?

The brain child of two dermatologists, Katie Rodan and Kathy Fields, is the skincare company Rodan and Fields. The company came into existence in the year 1984. The company’s headquarters is located in San Francisco, California, Rodan + Fields also operates in Canada, the United States, and Australia.

Rodan and Fields is a well-known skincare company claiming life-changing results. In 2017, the company had more than 300,000 independent consultants reporting sales in at least one month.

Domain Information

Domain: rodanandfields.com

Registrar: SafeNames Ltd.

Registered On: 1998-12-08

Expires On: 2020-12-07

Updated On: 2019-01-01

City: San Francisco

State: CA

Country: US

Rodan and Fields Products

Rodan and Fields include a wide variety of skincare products designed to deliver in the right order to produce healthy skin. The products are used for sun damage, wrinkles, acne, and irritated skin. Moreover, there are no toxic chemicals, with fragrance-free products.

Additionally, the products include Enhancements Micro-Dermabrasion Paste, body lotion and Active Hydration Bright Eye Complex. Moreover, there’s also a small line of Dermacosmetics, which is makeup with skin-repairing ingredients.

The current product range consists of six groups:

  • Redefine: These products aims to reduce the signs of aging and give
    firmer, smoother skin and reduce wrinkles.
  • Reverse: These products deal with visibly dull, uneven skin tone and areas of dark pigmentation. 
  • Unblemish: The company describes them as “a complete solution that tackles the acne process—from clogged pores to excess oil, and to preventing new blemishes from surfacing“.
  • Soothe: They target people with sensitive and/or irritated skin. They help release dullness and visible redness. they also include shaving range for men.
  • Essentials: They’re a range of everyday skincare ranging involving lip balm, sunscreen, moisturizer and Vitamin D supplement
  • Enhancements: An eyelash boost, hydration serum and micro-dermabrasion paste are some of the products of this category.

Rodan and Fields Business Plan

Basically, to join Rodan + Fields’ business plan, you need to purchase a business package of worth $45. Within this package, independent distributors will get their own customized website and access to a consultant area that includes training materials, business tools, and product information. Moreover, there is a $25 renewal fee that must be paid every year in order to remain active.

Furthermore, the company also offers 2 higher-tier business kits which are worth at $695 and $995.

Rodan and Fields Provide Different Ways to Earn.

  1. Retail Profit – This is an old way of selling the companies products and you making a commission for it.
  2. Consultant Commissions – you can earn from sales to direct enrollees and their downline make.
  3. Personal Team Commissions – These commissions are earned from the sales that are received from direct enrollees and their downline make.
  4. Generation Commissions – The entire teams earn these commissions.
  5. Performance Bonuses – Once you hit the target that the company has structured, you can earn bonus commissions.

Here, independent distributors can earn up to 10-25% commissions on product sales with a hybrid compensation plan. Additionally, distributors can earn 15% commissions on a referral system, with 5% extra commissions on revenue generated down to the fifth generation in their downline. Other incentives include exotic trips, fast start bonuses and many more.

Basically, preferred company customers are qualified to receive up to 10% off product purchases with free shipping through the PC Perks program. However, to become a preferred customer, the company charges a one-time enrollment fee of $19.95 and requires the first product purchase to be worth at least $80.

Final Verdict

Rodan and Fields offer you the best skin results. However, most products include effective and safe ingredients so you can be sure no side effects will face you at any given moment.

I hope you enjoyed my article on the Rodan and Fields reviews and the in-depth overview of what the Business plan is all about.

Also, read on Dream11 | Moon Bitcoin | Free Dogecoin | BTCclicks | Bit Fun

What is your opinion on Rodan and Fields review? Share your thoughts in our comments section. Share your views on our Twitter and Facebook pages. Also, read the reviews of some more earning sites.

The post Rodan and Fields Review : A Complete Guide on Rodan and Fields Business Plan appeared first on Cryptocurrency information | Cryptocurrency News | Bitcoin News and Crypto Guide.

Malta Needs to Improve Readiness to Respond to Cryptocurrency Crime

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MUST READ

Regulation

Does Binance Have an Office in Shanghai?

An article suggesting that the Chinese authorities raided Binance’s Shanghai Office has created a storm of comment and allegations.

The story written by the blockchain publication The Block blew up on Twitter after it said Binance had been raided by police with staff members forced to relocate. Numerous people wondered if Binance’s time in China was coming to an end and what this meant for the company.

The situation took a different turn after Changpeng Zhao (CZ), CEO of Binance, responded on Twitter, saying “Binance hasn’t had an office in Shanghai for more than two years.” 

Zhao didn’t stop there, unleashing a tirade against Chinese and other media sources for an attack on Binance. He claimed that much of what is written about Binance is a FUD and that he knows Chinese exchanges are behind the lies in the media. He said he was contemplating legal action against The Block, also tweeting, “We will be suing”.

The Block tweeted back to Binance, and held true to their sources, saying:

“In spite of other outlets uncritically reporting Binance’s official line on the matter, The Block stands by our sources and reporting that Binance’s Shanghai office was shut down. In the name of transparency, we’ve unpaywalled the article.” Many people were behind this Tweet and voiced their support. 

So what is the truth? Does Binance have an office in Shanghai? Well, some more recent events on Twitter has reignited the argument, as OkEx’s Jay Hao went on a Twitter tirade listing the evidence that Binance does have an office in Shanghai. 

It all began when one account named @truthurtm published a thread  (retweeted by CZ) and tried to explain what is the existing situation in China for different exchanges. During this thread, the user accused OKEx of conducting a smear campaign and releasing fake news on Binance.  

Soon afterward, Jay Hao, CEO of OKEx, replied on this thread, clapping back hard, accusing the Twitter user of being paid off by Binance. More tellingly though, he went and published a thread separately, showing proof that Binance has offices in Shanghai and had been closed:

One tweet showed a CoinDesk article which refers to an office in Shanghai in the article. The headline which read, “Binance Said to Plan Beijing Office Amid China’s Renewed Blockchain Push” has reference to a Binance office in Shanghai already. It said: “the new outpost will join Binance’s current mainland China office in Shanghai.” 

Hao also tweeted one article cited from Caijing.com which had photos of the Shanghai office, with people in Binance hoodies on October 29th, but later when the reporter visited the office again, it was emptied. 

Local Shanghai TV also reported on the Binance office closure, saying that the office shut down was inhabited by BABI Finance, an outsourced company related to Binance. Babi Finance is a subgroup of Binance and was no doubt created in response to China’s crackdown. 

Binance just one of many exchanges feeling Chinese pressure

China has long been skeptical about cryptocurrencies and the exchanges. Binance has made them angry, that is for sure. Weibo closing and now reports of raids would tell you that.

But it is not just them. Reports have suggested that 39 exchanges in Shenzhen have been flagged for defying the crypto ban and it would not be hard to imagine this is a nationwide crackdown of some sort. 

So why is Binance not owning up to the Shanghai office and police suspicion against the exchange? 

Maybe it is because they are the reason for it? Binance claimed that Alipay and Wechat were pairable with crypto due to an apparent Binance partnership, which left Alibaba unhappy and they quickly denied this. Something Hao pointed out saying it could be the reason for regulators to breathe down the industry’s neck again. This can’t have helped the crypto plight in China, and neither would Binance’s ban from Weibo for Hong Kong protestor support.

Overall, it is clear that Binance is not an angelic victim in all of this. Many Crypto celebrities talk about wanting to be mainstream but reject the criticism that comes with greater exposure. Crying fake news like Yi He, co-founder and CMO of Binance,  will only get you so far. 

Yes, there are many reports on Binance, but this is to be expected for the biggest exchange possibly worldwide. Big banks get criticism, so surely exchanges should too? 

Sadly, they will dodge and dive much like these big banks do too. For me, there is something depressing about this. I hoped the new cryptocurrency age would rid us of this problem and hand the power back to the people. Let’s hope all the exchanges are honest, transparent and legitimate, so we can build the future we all want.

The post Does Binance Have an Office in Shanghai? appeared first on Asia Crypto Today.

Hacker, Banatov Platon, Reveals Information on Binance KYC Hack and offers Services to Binance

A hacker named “Banatov Platon” has revealed further details about the Binance KYC hack to CoinDesk, claiming he is behind the release of the data after hacking other scammers and obtaining the information. 

For those who hadn’t seen the news, Binance had their KYC data leaked to the public with users’ private information in view for the public to see. This was a PR disaster for Binance and added to their security woes after the exchange was hacked in May, stealing 7,000 BTC. 

But it seems that the May hack is linked to the KYC release, with Platon claiming that he was the one behind the leak after hacking those behind the initial hack of Binance. 

Platon, took this measure after asking for 300 Bitcoins in July when “negotiations” broke down between Platon and  Binance’s Chief Growth Officer (CGO) Ted Lin after a month’s negotiation. 

The hacker released 500 photos for 166 people’s KYC to an open file sharing site, under the pseudonym “Guardian M.” on August 5th. 

Texts that prove Platon’s claims

To add weight to his claims, Platon then revealed the conversations between him and Lin to CoinDesk.

They read:

Ted Lin, [20.07.19 19:54]

i see you already fed the info you have to the media

Ted Lin, [20.07.19 19:59]

given the damage from your FUD campaign is already done, whatever bounty you were asking for the information would be significantly less. As i said, we don’t react to extortions.  But we are willing to get more information relating to perpetrators if you have useful information that can enable us to put bad guys behind bars and recover funds.

Platon, [21.07.19 16:53]

as i said i don’t need your money

Platon, [21.07.19 16:53]

i am out of deal already

Platon, [21.07.19 16:54]

i am not expecting you to react either.

Platon, [21.07.19 16:59]

but i love to see insider’s and those hacker’s reaction when news is published. once again i am not interested in your reaction.

Ted Lin, [21.07.19 19:04]

I thought you want to see those hackers caught?

Platon, [21.07.19 19:11]

i wanted. but not now.

Platon, [21.07.19 19:12]

i rather step away and keep watching.

Ted Lin, [21.07.19 19:19]

We are still interested in paying for information that can lead to arrest of hackers, insiders, recovery of funds.

Ted Lin, [21.07.19 19:19]

Let us know if you have more info that can achieve those.

Ted Lin, [21.07.19 19:20]

We were going through verification of the type of info you have before you decided not to talk.

Ted Lin, [21.07.19 19:21]

Let me know if you change your mind and want to continue.

Ted Lin, [21.07.19 19:21]

Thanks for your help.

Platon, [21.07.19 19:28]

Then pay me.

Hacker wanted a role at Binance

The hacker originally offered his services to Binance to be a consultant for their security team. Platon has reportedly reached out to Lin and told CoinDesk he said:

“I informed [Lin] that I have got insider information such as insider’s detail, insider’s communication details with outsiders and even insider’s photo. I informed him that I have details of hackers – server information, their identity, their phone numbers and etc.”

He continued, “I personally wanted to make Binance world’s first exchange that captures hackers. It will be extremely positive for Binance’s reputation.”

Ted Lin reportedly responded, saying he would give money for information to catch the hackers involved but would not be exploited and refuted Paton’s “FUD activity”. 

But Platon said it was not money he was after, rather smugly stating:

“When I require money, I can just hack out one exchange account balance (hacker’s). I could retrieve more than 600 or 700 coins easily by hacking hacker’s wallet.”

Platon showing Binance’s true colors

It would appear that Platon is on a one-man mission to humiliate Binance. The hacker was clearly angry at the rebuttal for his services and wanted to illustrate the true nature of Binance and its lax security. 

He alluded to this in a statement, saying:

“People keep asking, ‘Why are you releasing those KYC photos?’ ‘How did you get them?’ The reason I am releasing those KYC is simple: To warn you, people who are dealing on Binance, if I needed money, I would sell it underground, not publish it.”

The post Hacker, Banatov Platon, Reveals Information on Binance KYC Hack and offers Services to Binance appeared first on Asia Crypto Today.

Thai central bank declares Bitcoin illegal

Bitcoin cannot be used in Thailand anymore

The central bank of Thailand has stated that any Bitcoin payments are illegal. One of the reasons is that there are currently no existing laws for cryptocurrencies. One local exchange had to stop its services due to the verdict.

Wired, states that the Thai central bank has stated that buying and selling Bitcoins is illegal. Also, it is no longer allowed to buy or sell anything with Cryptocurrencies in general aswel as receiving any from foreigners.  It is unclear wheter the law will be changed but untill then the local bitcoin exchange Bitcoin Co. will be offline.

Illegal after discussion about the workings of Bitcoin Co. exchange

The statement came after the Thai central bank had a discussion with Bitcoin Co about the workings of the exchange. The conclusion was that no existing laws apply to any cryptocurrency for that matter. Due to this it was decided to declare all cryptocurrencies illegal. Longer ago the Thai central bank already stated that it didn’t see Bitcoin as a currency.

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The post Thai central bank declares Bitcoin illegal appeared first on Cryptocurrencies.

User Reports Reveal Visa and Mastercard Outages During the Holidays

Having problems with payments around Christmas can be frustrating, especially for those who leave gift buying till the last minute. With calmer markets this holiday season, the crypto ecosystem has been operating relatively smoothly, with few exceptions. The fiat world, however, saw some glitches that affected card payments in particular.

Also read: New Ukrainian Law Says ‘Virtual Assets’ Can Be Used for Payments

Complaints About Payments and ATM Issues

Users of Visa and Mastercard, the world’s leading payment processors, have complained about their cards not working right before Christmas Day. Both systems experienced outages on Dec. 24, according to data collected by Downdetector. The website monitors various services in real time and updates you whenever they are having problems or are temporarily down for some reason.

User Reports Reveal Visa and Mastercard Outages During the Holidays

Issues with Visa in the U.S. started at around 1:14 p.m. EST this past Tuesday, the platform details, with most reports concerning payments (83%) and ATM transactions (10%). Around 6% of users had to deal with website-related issues. Reports peaked at 8:29 p.m. on the 24th (468) followed by a less pronounced spike at 10:14 p.m. (143).

Another interval of interrupted services was registered between 12:25 p.m. on Dec. 20 and 3:55 a.m. on Dec. 21, with the most down reports (163) filed at around 7:40 p.m. on Friday. Approximately 70% of the complaints this time were about payments, with the rest related to website and ATM issues.

The majority of such cases have been observed in the United States, Germany and the U.K. Visa in Russia dismissed the outage reports, stating on social media that “Visa cards work as usual. Reports of outages on the Visa payment system do not reflect the reality.” Russians, however, celebrate Christmas on Jan. 7 and it’s likely that the network did not deal with the same loads.

User Reports Reveal Visa and Mastercard Outages During the Holidays

Prepaid and Gift Cards Affected

Comments left by users under the alert tickets suggest that many customers had trouble activating their Visa prepaid or gift cards. Some were surprised to find out that according to the fine print, it takes up to 24 hours for the funds to appear on the card. In some cases, that didn’t happen at all even after more than a day of waiting and customers had to file claims with the issuers to gain access to their money.

User Reports Reveal Visa and Mastercard Outages During the Holidays

Others had issues when trying to spend their balances through third party payment processors. One of them complained: “Using my Visa gift card to make a purchase online and pay though PayPal. It just says PayPal cannot verify the card and will not allow me to pay. It says the amount in full and the zip is registered but still nothing…”

Downdetector users with MC cards have also filed numerous reports on Dec. 24, with the highest number, 127, registered at 8:36 p.m. In 78% of the cases, customers were facing problems with card payments. Teller machine and website issues each affected 10% of the card holders that contacted the website.

User Reports Reveal Visa and Mastercard Outages During the Holidays

The crypto world was not completely spared of problems either, despite the relatively uneventful atmosphere over the past few weeks. On Dec. 22, popular crypto payment provider Bitpay experienced a temporary outage of bitcoin core transfers. “BTC payments were briefly unavailable today between 1 and 4:25 p.m. as we worked to resolve transaction infrastructure issues. Service is restored,” the platform’s support team tweeted the following day.

The ability to process much more transactions, thousands per second, than cryptocurrency blockchains is an argument Bitcoin skeptics put forward when comparing traditional fiat-based payment systems like Visa and Mastercard with decentralized networks. But while cryptocurrencies still have a lot of ground to cover in terms of scalability, they also have some undisputable, innate advantages over bank cards. Being able to pay without interference from a third party in a peer-to-peer manner guarantees instant, unimpeded access to your money. Besides, gift cards are available for crypto enthusiasts as well.

Did you experience issues with your card payments this Christmas? Let us know in the comments section below.


Images courtesy of Shutterstock.


Do you need a reliable bitcoin mobile wallet to send, receive, and store your coins? Download one for free from us and then head to our Purchase Bitcoin page where you can quickly buy bitcoin with a credit card.

The post User Reports Reveal Visa and Mastercard Outages During the Holidays appeared first on Bitcoin News.

 

source: https://news.bitcoin.com/user-reports-reveal-visa-and-mastercard-outages-during-the-holidays/

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Marketing Manager at Huobi

Huobi is looking for a Marketing Manager to join our growing Global Institutional Business Team in London. This role will allow you to drive our focus to reach institutional clients within the EMEA, CIS, and the Americas region. We are committed to putting clients first and providing secure, professional, and honest services based on the core principle of putting the client first. Huobi a world leader in the digital asset industry, providing secure, stable and reliable digital asset trading to millions of users in over 130 countries around the world. We are much more than an exchange, we are an ecosystem that provides a range of services that include but not limited to; Huobi Mining Pool, Huobi Wallet-a multi-chain crypto wallet, and the venture capital and investment arms that is Huobi Capital and Huobi Global Ecosystem Fund. What you'll be doing: • Develop our institutional brand narrative and provide fresh, up-to-date materials for all teams to tailor to their needs. • Develop and implement overall vision for institutional marketing, introducing ideas and robust approaches for better understanding our clients’ needs and how we most effectively communicate with them. • Draft public announcements. • Manage presence at conferences, meetups, dinners, both online and offline • Measure impact and uncover insights across client activities to help guide decisions for future planning. • Proactively stay up to date about market trends, opportunities, risks and new projects, with a passion for the cryptocurrency and digital asset industry. What we look for in you: • Prior work experience in the cryptocurrency market with a firm understanding of customer desires and behavior in trading & investment in the cryptocurrency industry. • Experience creating content about products, financial instruments, and asset classes across financial services relevant to institutional investors, family offices, funds, and VCs • Strong writing skills and excellent communicator. • Positive mindset. Possess the ability to bring solutions, not just problems, and pushing yourself to be the best that you can be. • Detail oriented, multi-tasking and ability to handle various projects simultaneously under pressure with good judgement. • Initiative and a self-starter. Can independently work from scratch with a flexible mindset. Languages: • Fluent in English (oral and written communication) • Mandarin Chinese is a plus (oral and written communication) • Other European languages are desirable

LATEST POSTS

Bitcoin Halving Dates and Trendlines

Bitcoin is about to experience its third halving. The first halving was Nov 28, 2012, the second July 9, 2016, and third is mid-May 2020. This chart shows repeating trends going into the halving.

You can see a full breakdown of the logic behind this chart on TradingView that I did for Alpha’s “Bitcoin Longview With Historic Trends and Halving Dates.”

The post Bitcoin Halving Dates and Trendlines appeared first on CryptoCurrency Facts.

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Fair Spins & Fair Wins: Fairspin Casino Adds New Games and Reports Record Win

Fair Spins & Fair Wins: Fairspin Casino Adds New Games and Reports Record Win

The Fairspin blockchain casino has recently paid out almost 3 BTC to a lucky user and urges other players to try and beat this February record with free spins in 500+ new games.

As a blockchain casino, Fairspin allows players to track and check all their deposits, bets, and payouts via a distributed ledger. As a result, everyone can verify that Fairspin users have won more than 60 000 ETH since the casino was founded in late 2018.

One of the biggest wins on the platform happened to a lucky fairspinner just recently, on February 27, 2020. The player withdrew 2.931 BTC (more than $25,000 on the day of the win) in a single transaction, as can be seen on a blockchain explorer.

The winner hit the jackpot in the Hip-Hop Panda online slot. This is an important part of the story because Hip-Hop Panda is a traditional, non-blockchain game from a well-known provider, PG Soft. Fairspin is the first and still the only blockchain casino with games that are not built on blockchain. By utilizing a complex tech solution from the TruePlay blockchain platform, it offers the most sought-after games from reputable providers but still records all the gaming data on blockchain.

TruePlay offers its solution to online casinos that choose to use transparency as its main advantage. TruePlay crypto wallet and ERC20 TPLAY token make it possible to keep track of all transactions in blockchain and to convert any currency into TPLAY token automatically. As long as this token is not listed on crypto trading or exchange platforms and can be only stored on a TruePlay wallet, we can see a clear picture of the casino’s transactions. It means we see the actual sum of wins, losses, payouts, but most importantly we can check the RTP (return to player) of each game.

The range of games on Fairspin has been steadily expanding since the platform’s launch but the most drastic increase in their number is a recent story. The number was nearly doubled this month with the addition of more than 700 new games.

To help players try the new games out and beat the recent top win, Fairspin gives 70 free spins to each of its email and social media subscribers. With such a big bonus for thousands of players, it’s highly likely that the total amount of player winnings on Fairspin will also shoot up this month.

The post Fair Spins & Fair Wins: Fairspin Casino Adds New Games and Reports Record Win appeared first on Live Coin Watch - Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency News.

Ethereum (ETH) Gains Momentum Ahead of ‘ETH 2.0’ Upgrade

The crypto space has been quite volatile over the past weeks, but holders of Ethereum (ETH) are, no doubt, quite pleased with the latest turn of events. Ether, the actual cryptocurrency of the network, has recorded its biggest jump in 20 days, and it seems likely that there is going to be a lot of excitement about the token in the coming hours. Experts believe that confidence over the Ethereum platform is growing steadily, and that could well be one of the reasons for the gains recorded by ETH over the past 24 hours.

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How to Store & Secure Crypto on a Ledger Nano S [2020 Expert Guide]

DISCLAIMER: This article is written to guide you through the process of storing your crypto securely. However, you should thoroughly research the areas outlined in this post and perform your own due diligence. Technology changes – software (and to some extent, hardware) is frequently compromised. We will not be responsible for any losses that occur either directly or indirectly from the information contained within the article.

1 Introduction

There comes a time in every crypto-holder’s life when he or she has to take a serious look at how secure their current holdings are. Over the years, I’ve witnessed multiple people storing their crypto in ways that are begging for trouble. This includes the following:

  • Leaving their coins in an exchange wallet (with or without 2FA enabled).
  • Using a browser-based wallet with an unsecured computer.
  • Using a mobile wallet with known security flaws.
  • Storing a wallet on a rooted mobile.
  • Using a software wallet on their virus riddled PC.
  • Not using a hardware or paper wallet to store large amounts of crypto assets.

You shouldn’t be leaving your coins on an exchange, and if you can avoid it, you shouldn’t be using a software wallet. If you’re going to take away anything from this article, make it the fact you must obtain and use a hardware wallet or a paper wallet if you hold more crypto than you are willing to lose. If you’re interested in general security practices, it’s worth checking out our post on OPSEC and the best way to stay safe as a cryptocurrency holder online.

To drill this point home let’s outline some previous known events in which users have lost obscene amounts of crypto.

Note: We’ve also published a new for 2020, in-depth Ledger Nano S review as well as a review of Ledger’s latest state-of-the-art hardware wallet, the Ledger Nano X.

2 Known Hacks & Losses

The following are (mostly recent) events in which large amounts of cryptocurrency were compromised resulting in losses for the victims. I’m not going to list every example, these are cases off the top of my head and should be enough to give you an idea of how common this is. There are likely many similar cases every year that are not made public by the victims. I’ll update this list periodically.

Date

Event

Stolen

Status

Feb, 2014 MTGOX Exchange Hacked & Bust $450 Million Liquidated
May 31, 2017 Cody Brown Coinbase Hacked $8000 User OPSEC
June 2, 2017 Fred Wilson (VC) Coinbase Hacked Unknown User OPSEC
June 10, 2017 Jaxx Wallet Vulnerability $400,000+ Ongoing
July 5, 2017 Bithumb Exchange Hacked $1 Million Covered
July 19, 2017 Parity Multi-sig Hack $32 Million Fixed
Aug 28, 2017 Rooted Android User Hacked $330,000 Unknown
Ongoing Slack/E-Mail MEW Phishing (ICOs) $Millions Ongoing
Ongoing Fake Adsense Domains $Millions Ongoing
Ongoing Slack/E-Mail MEW Phishing (ICOs) $Millions Ongoing
Nov 7, 2017 2nd Parity Multi-sig Vulnerability $300+ Million Funds Frozen
Dec 20, 2017 EtherDelta DNS Hack $250,000+ Stolen
Jan 5, 2018 eBay Ledger Scratch-off Seed Scam $34,000+ Stolen
Jan 26, 2018 Coincheck Hack (NEM) $534 Million Stolen/Refunded

As you can see, securing your coins should be taken seriously!Paranoia Intensifies

Let’s discuss one of the two decent options for securing your crypto: hardware wallets. Paper wallets are also a good option in certain circumstances but are not as suited for regular access to your funds on an internet-enabled computer, so we won’t examine them here. Paper wallets are discussed in our blockchain guides.


3 Hardware Wallets – Ledger Nano S vs. Trezor

There are many hardware wallets available, and most manufacturers offer many models. For the sake of simplicity, we are only going to discuss these two options today, as they are usually readily available and are arguably the most popular. The KeepKey deserves mention here too as it’s been getting some positive reviews.

The aim of this article is not to shill you my favorite hardware wallets, however, it’s an important purchase, so let’s briefly go over the pros and cons of these two:

Ledger Nano S

Ledger Nano S Hardware Wallet
Ledger Nano S Hardware Wallet

Pros

Cons

Affordably priced device with screen Currently less adopted than the Trezor
Passphrase support
Support for multiple currencies
Integrates with various software wallets

Trezor

Trezor Hardware Wallet
Trezor Hardware Wallet

Pros

Cons

Has screen Recent security issues (patched)
Passphrase support More expensive
Support for numerous currencies Slightly fewer currencies supported
Integrates with various software wallets

Conclusion

The Ledger Nano S takes the cake mostly due to price and currency support. That’s not to say other hardware wallets aren’t good. Do your own research and buy a wallet that’s right for you. And remember, always purchase your hardware wallet direct from vendors or authorized distributors. Never purchase from Amazon, eBay or third parties if you can’t be sure the device hasn’t been tampered with.

Click here if you’d like to purchase a Nano S directly from Ledger.


4 Ledger Nano S – Safe Setup Guide

Before we get started, let’s briefly touch on the standard that the Nano, and most hardware wallets, currently use. BIP 39.

BIP 39 is a Bitcoin Improvement Proposal for the application layer which uses the implementation of a mnemonic sentence to generate a wallet. For the Ledger Nano S, this means you will be generated a 24-word mnemonic phrase which is used to create and restore your wallet. We also refer to this as your seed.

Unboxed Ledger Nano S
Unboxed Ledger Nano S

Setup

You’ve bought some Bitcoin, unboxed your brand new Ledger Nano S, and you’re ready to rock. Make sure any webcams or mobile phones are not pointed towards your Ledger device and get started by plugging the USB cable provided into your Nano S and then into your PC. Your Nano will load up and show a welcome screen, you then have to press both of the buttons along the top edge of the device simultaneously to begin set up.

Lets begin!
Let’s begin!

You’ll be asked if you want to configure the Nano S as a new device, you do, so choose the tick for “yes” and press both buttons together to select.

You’ll then be asked to choose a PIN code. Don’t choose a PIN that you use for credit cards or other apps/devices, create a new pin. You can always use a word and choose the corresponding letters on your phone’s keypad to create a new pin. Bear in mind that we will be setting up two PIN numbers for your device (explained later). Press both buttons together and then enter your PIN number by using each button to cycle through the digits, and both buttons together to select a digit. You’ll be asked to confirm your PIN code, repeat the process.

You’ll now be asked to write down your recovery phrase.

Write down your recovery phrase
Write down your recovery phrase

This is an important step; you won’t be able to verify your phrase without it written down so make sure you do so carefully. We’ll be confirming your full phrase later too as this is what will be used to recover your wallet if your device is faulty, lost or stolen. Scroll through the words and write them on the card provided. Once you’re complete, press both buttons together to continue.

Now it’s time to confirm your recovery phrase (seed).

Confirm your recovery phrase
Confirm your recovery phrase

You will be asked to select a few words from your phrase that match the number given, to verify that you wrote it down correctly. Scroll through the words until you see the one that matches and click both buttons to confirm.

Congratulations, your device is now ready! But not too fast, we have more work to do.

Your device is now ready
Your device is now ready

Firstly let’s make sure your device is up to date by clicking on the following:

Settings Device Firmware

Make sure your firmware version matches the latest version shown on the Ledger website.

Now we’re going to attach a passphrase, more on this below.

Using a Passphrase

The passphrase addition to a hardware wallet enables (in essence) you to hide multiple wallets on the device. Technically, the passphrase (or 25th seed word) is not used explicitly in the BIP 39 standard. What it does is scrambles your seed according to a predetermined algorithm. However, don’t dwell on this too much, you only need your seed and passphrase to recover your device.

Here’s how it works:

  • You can attach a passphrase to your device, with a unique pin.
  • The passphrase acts like a password on top of your 24-word seed.
  • You can then access either your default wallet derived from the 24-word seed,
  • or your passphrase wallet derived from your 24-word seed plus your passphrase.
  • The wallet you access depends on the pin you use.
  • When it comes to recovering your device, you use the 24-word seed, then you attach the passphrase again (with new pin numbers if you wish).

Let’s go through the motions of setting one up. Click the following on your Nano to get to the passphrase setup page:

Settings Security  Passphrase

You’ll be asked whether you’d like to set a temporary passphrase to access a passphrase wallet quickly or to “Attach to a PIN.” For this article, we will be attaching a passphrase to a PIN.

Attach to a PIN
Attach to a PIN

Before attaching your passphrase you will be told that the feature is for advanced users and to read the FAQ, you should do so. If you feel uncomfortable with this process, then you should think about skipping it. However, it is highly beneficial from a security standpoint, and we will go through the recovery process multiple times to ensure you can recover correctly.

You will be asked to choose a secret PIN code, go ahead and enter a new PIN. This PIN will be used to access your passphrase wallet only. The PIN you set earlier will be used to access your default wallet.

Chose a secret PIN code
Chose a secret PIN code

Once you’ve entered your passphrase PIN, you will be asked to enter a secret passphrase.

Enter a secret passphrase
Enter a secret passphrase

You can cycle through letters and symbols in this section to enter your passphrase. Your passphrase is a password on top of your seed, don’t use anything obvious (treat it like a password). Enter it carefully and be sure to check and confirm it when asked.

You will finally be asked to enter your current PIN. This is the original PIN number you set up earlier.

Enter your original PIN here
Enter your original PIN here

Once you’ve confirmed your current PIN, your passphrase will be attached to your Nano S. Congratulations!

The reasoning behind attaching a passphrase is that you can store a small, believable amount of crypto using your default seed wallet. You then store your main crypto holdings on the passphrase wallet. This way, if you or your seed are compromised, the thieves should only have access to your default wallet.

We’ll now go through the essential steps of testing and verifying your setup. Once you’ve completed the verification, you’ll sleep sound at night knowing your Nano S is setup securely and your wallets can be restored successfully.

Verify Your Setup

To verify your setup we are going to go through a number of steps to ensure your default and passphrase wallets are accessible and recoverable. To test the wallets, we will need to use some software for sending currency so go ahead and install Ledger Live. Now you’re going to perform the following tasks:

  1. Login to your Nano with your default PIN, run the Ledger Live app and note down your wallet address.
  2. Login to your Nano with your passphrase PIN, run the Ledger Live app and note down your wallet address.
  3. Wipe your device by entering an incorrect PIN number 3 times.
  4. Restore your device from your 24-word seed. (Long and tedious, but it needs to be done!)
  5. Reattach your passphrase to a PIN.

So now you know you can restore your wallets, great! But we haven’t made any transactions yet. So let’s go ahead and make some.

  1. Send a minimal amount of crypto to your default wallet address.
  2. Send it back to wherever you sent it from.
  3. Send a minimal amount of crypto to your passphrase wallet address.
  4. Send it back to wherever you sent it from.

You can send and receive crypto, excellent! But here’s where I’m going to seriously annoy you:

  1. Wipe your device by entering an incorrect PIN number 3 times.
  2. Restore your device from your 24-word seed.
  3. Reattach your passphrase to a PIN.

Excessive? Maybe. But now you’ve verified you can send and receive crypto from both your wallets, and you have restored your device twice. You won’t panic if you need to do it again in the future (maybe in a hurry) and you’ll be less likely to make mistakes. Congratulations, you’ve gained peace of mind, and you’ve only had to forfeit a little time and the cost of a Ledger Nano S. Superb bargain in my opinion!

Usage & Final Security Tweaks

Finally, here are some usage and security tweaks to further secure your Ledger Nano S:

  • Settings Security  Auto-lock – Set this to 3 minutes.
  • Settings Security  Shuffle PIN – Set this to Yes.
  • Always verify transactions on the device screen before approving them. That’s what it’s for; it protects against this.
  • If you use a third party to send from the Nano (such as MyEtherWallet) always verify the domain and use a bookmarked link. Again, verify transactions on the Nano screen.

Click here to purchase a Nano S directly from Ledger.


5 Storing Your Recovery Phrase

Now you’ve set up your Nano and double/triple/quadruple checked your recovery phrase (seed), we need to think about how and where you’re going to store it.

Let’s start with how. Typically, users store their seed written in pen on the card that comes with their Nano. I’m not an advocate of this, as paper doesn’t have the properties of something that can withstand nature (water or fire). But there is a solution: steel.

Cryptosteel - Indestructible Recovery Phrase Storage
Cryptosteel – Indestructible Recovery Phrase Storage

Storing your seed on a device such as the cryptosteel will protect it against fire, water, electricity, and stains. These devices come with a selection of letters that can be inserted in the order required to spell your seed words. It’s a bit fiddly to get all the letters in, but worth the piece of mind you’ll get from having your seed phrase safe and sound, forged in steel. You only need to record the first four letters of each word for a secure backup, so the cryptosteel mnemonic is the one for the job. If you don’t feel like splashing out, you can always obtain a sheet of steel and use a hammer, and some letter punches to store your seed.

Safety Deposit BoxNow you’ve got your seed protected from the elements, we can think about where to store it. The best option, in my opinion, is a safety deposit box. You’ll need to check with your local bank as to whether or not they have this facility, but you should be able to find at least one bank offering this service nearby. Depending on your level of paranoia, you could also buy another cryptosteel and hide/bury one somewhere. In your backyard, for example. Although, I would not advise storing a copy of your seed anywhere insecure if you haven’t used a passphrase. In this case, I would recommend you split the seed in two (12 words each) and store in two separate secure locations, for example, two safety deposit boxes in different banks.

The next topic I’m going to touch upon is sharing the location of your seed with your husband/wife/parent/significant other. Many may not be comfortable with this, but if you want your partner or family to have access to your funds should the unthinkable happen, you’ll need to take action. There are probably ways in which they could only get access in the case of your death (in a will, for instance), so this might be a better option. Remember, if you’re using a passphrase on your Nano, they’ll need to know this too. They can know the passphrase and without access to the seed, have no access to your funds.


6 Memorizing Your Recovery Phrase

While memorizing 24 words, in order, may seem like a daunting task, I can assure you it’s a piece of cake. The approach we will use is called: The Method of Loci.

The Method of LociMethod of Loci

The method of loci, also known as memory journey, memory palace, or mind palace technique, is a method adopted by the ancient Romans and Greeks. Since its inception, it’s been used, in some form, by many memory competition champions to recall complex lists, numbers and various other items.

How It Works

Imagine you are walking back into your childhood home. Do you remember the layout? Can you visualize some of the items in each room? Usually, the answer is yes. This is because most people are more efficient at remembering using spatial memory than explicit memory, which means they can remember things which fit into spaces more easily than they can remember lists of words or numbers.

Home Layout
Do you remember the layout of your childhood home?

To memorize our seed, we will take an imaginary walk through our childhood home (or any building that you see fit) and integrate the words from our seed. They can be incorporated in any way really, if words are particularly obscure, try to think of rhymes or related items to include in your story to help you remember. Your house is real, but the story you create can be pure fiction.

The Story

Let’s start with a randomly generated BIP 39 mnemonic seed:

mother pelican drastic minimum twice evoke enter museum firm purity hurry cage nephew piece bulb pilot news frost marble blast afraid flag width service

Caution: Do not use this seed under any circumstances. If you use it, bad actors can and will access your funds. Your hardware wallet will generate you a unique seed during setup.

Now, let’s tie these seed words to a story as we walk through our home:

I enter the front door into the kitchen and my mother is frying lamb chops (my favorite) at the stove. She is wearing an apron with a large pelican design across the front. Drastic rhymes with plastic and she’s using a plastic spatula. She’s only cooking one lamb chop, that’s the minimum lamb chops someone can cook! I walk into the living room and turn the light on and off twice. Being here evokes childhood memories. My father enters the room; he’s been on a trip to the museum with his firm. My father quickly mentions the purity of the new coffee beans he’s purchased but has to hurry into the dining room to let the dog out of its cage.

My nephew plays with the dog in the dining room. He’s just finished eating a piece of cake. He turns the lamp on and off; the dog likes seeing the bulb flash. My father is sat at the dining table watching the small TV. A pilot is on the news talking about a troubled landing due to the frost.

I take my nephew upstairs to the bedroom to find my old marble set. We find it, and he has a blast playing with it. I’m afraid he’ll end up eating one though. I head back downstairs and notice the photograph of my grandfather on the wall. There is a flag in the background, the photo frame is very wide, but I don’t know the specific width. I think about how my grandfather must have felt spending during his years of service with the armed forces.

And there we have it, a weird and wonderful story incorporating our 24 words from our seed phrase. It’s far more words than the original 24, but I can assure that it will be much easier to memorize. Don’t save your story on any electronic device and if you write it down, do so away from any webcams or mobile phones with cameras (paranoid much?). Now here’s how we store it in our long-term memory:

Set Reminders

You’re going to need to review your story regularly to imprint it in your memory for easy access down the line. To do this, simply set a number of reminders in your calendar to practice your story. Start off using your seed phrase written down as a guide and then slowly try to recite your story using less and less help from the guide. After first creating your story, spend a good 30-60 minutes going over it and trying to memorize it. For the following days, you will need much less time to recite your story. Maybe 5 minutes or so at first, to just a few seconds once you’re beginning to remember the whole story without looking at your seed phrase.

  • For the first week, set a daily calendar reminder to recite your story.
  • For the following three weeks, set a reminder for every three days.
  • For the following month, set a reminder for every week.
  • For the following year, set a reminder for every month, or until you know it like the back of your hand.

This process will reinforce the neural pathways used in your brain to locate the information. By the time you are finished your 24 words will be imprinted in your memory forever!

To see more about this technique check out these Youtube videos from Ron White and Joshua Foer. Joshua can remember the first 100 digits of Pi, and pretty much anything else! He is a former U.S.A. Memory Champion.


7 Worst Case Scenarios – Are You Covered?

If you followed the advice in this article, you should be on the way to having secured your crypto holdings for most scenarios (short of the Apocalypse). Let’s see how well your setup holds up to the following would-be disasters:

Scenario

Result

Your Nano is stolen. No big deal, you have your seed backed up and memorized. Buy another Nano or use a BIP 39 recovery tool (if urgent) to restore your wallet.
You’re hit on the head and suffer permanent amnesia. Your significant other knows where your seed is stored and knows your passphrase. Let’s hope you’ve been treating them well or you might end up with a seed and no passphrase!
The bank’s safety deposit boxes are flooded. Your cryptosteel is fine; your seed is also memorized.
The bank’s safety deposit boxes are burnt in a fire. Your cryptosteel is fine; your seed is also memorized.
Your safety deposit box is compromised. Your cryptosteel is in the hands of the thief. They can restore the default wallet which only holds a small amount your crypto. The rest is in the seed + passphrase wallet. Your seed and passphrase are memorized, so buy another Nano or use a BIP 39 recovery tool (if urgent) to restore your wallet.
You’re held hostage and forced to reveal your pin/seed. You give them your pin/seed that’s not attached to your passphrase and hope that they believe it’s your main wallet. Beware the $5 wrench.
Death by lightening While it’s sad you won’t be able to spend your crypto gains on yachts and Lamborghinis, at least your significant other will have access to your funds. They do have access to your seed and know your passphrase right?

I hope you’ve enjoyed learning how to secure your crypto holdings. If you are rocking back and forth in the corner uttering paranoid delusions, then my job here is done. Joking aside, you can never take security too seriously when it comes to cryptocurrencies. We are entering a new era, hacking and theft are only going to get more persistent – secure yourself now! And remember:

Just because you’re paranoid, don’t mean they’re not after you.

If you haven’t already, it’s worth reading our article on OPSEC and general security practices to help you stay safe in your day to day activities online (including using crypto exchanges). Also, please help us spread the word by sharing this article with your friends and family if you feel they would benefit from the advice we’ve outlined. Sharing is caring!

UPDATES


  • Oct 18, 2017Originally posted.
  • Nov 13, 2017Updated Known Hacks & Losses table to include details of the 2nd Parity Multi-sig vulnerability.
  • Jan 3, 2018 – Updated Known Hacks & Losses table to include details of the EtherDelta DNS Hack.
  • Jan 6, 2018 – Updated Known Hacks & Losses table to include details of the eBay Ledger Nano Scratch-off Seed Scam.
  • Jan 29, 2018 – Updated Known Hacks & Losses table to include details of the Coincheck NEM hack.
  • Jan 30, 2019 – Updated to include Ledger Live application.

How to Store & Secure Crypto on a Ledger Nano S [2020 Expert Guide] was originally found on Cryptocurrency News | Tech, Privacy, Bitcoin & Blockchain | Blokt.

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How to Store & Secure Crypto on a Ledger Nano S [2020 Expert Guide]

DISCLAIMER: This article is written to guide you through the process of storing your crypto securely. However, you should thoroughly research the areas outlined in this post and perform your own due diligence. Technology changes – software (and to some extent, hardware) is frequently compromised. We will not be responsible for any losses that occur either directly or indirectly from the information contained within the article.

1 Introduction

There comes a time in every crypto-holder’s life when he or she has to take a serious look at how secure their current holdings are. Over the years, I’ve witnessed multiple people storing their crypto in ways that are begging for trouble. This includes the following:

  • Leaving their coins in an exchange wallet (with or without 2FA enabled).
  • Using a browser-based wallet with an unsecured computer.
  • Using a mobile wallet with known security flaws.
  • Storing a wallet on a rooted mobile.
  • Using a software wallet on their virus riddled PC.
  • Not using a hardware or paper wallet to store large amounts of crypto assets.

You shouldn’t be leaving your coins on an exchange, and if you can avoid it, you shouldn’t be using a software wallet. If you’re going to take away anything from this article, make it the fact you must obtain and use a hardware wallet or a paper wallet if you hold more crypto than you are willing to lose. If you’re interested in general security practices, it’s worth checking out our post on OPSEC and the best way to stay safe as a cryptocurrency holder online.

To drill this point home let’s outline some previous known events in which users have lost obscene amounts of crypto.

Note: We’ve also published a new for 2020, in-depth Ledger Nano S review as well as a review of Ledger’s latest state-of-the-art hardware wallet, the Ledger Nano X.

2 Known Hacks & Losses

The following are (mostly recent) events in which large amounts of cryptocurrency were compromised resulting in losses for the victims. I’m not going to list every example, these are cases off the top of my head and should be enough to give you an idea of how common this is. There are likely many similar cases every year that are not made public by the victims. I’ll update this list periodically.

Date

Event

Stolen

Status

Feb, 2014 MTGOX Exchange Hacked & Bust $450 Million Liquidated
May 31, 2017 Cody Brown Coinbase Hacked $8000 User OPSEC
June 2, 2017 Fred Wilson (VC) Coinbase Hacked Unknown User OPSEC
June 10, 2017 Jaxx Wallet Vulnerability $400,000+ Ongoing
July 5, 2017 Bithumb Exchange Hacked $1 Million Covered
July 19, 2017 Parity Multi-sig Hack $32 Million Fixed
Aug 28, 2017 Rooted Android User Hacked $330,000 Unknown
Ongoing Slack/E-Mail MEW Phishing (ICOs) $Millions Ongoing
Ongoing Fake Adsense Domains $Millions Ongoing
Ongoing Slack/E-Mail MEW Phishing (ICOs) $Millions Ongoing
Nov 7, 2017 2nd Parity Multi-sig Vulnerability $300+ Million Funds Frozen
Dec 20, 2017 EtherDelta DNS Hack $250,000+ Stolen
Jan 5, 2018 eBay Ledger Scratch-off Seed Scam $34,000+ Stolen
Jan 26, 2018 Coincheck Hack (NEM) $534 Million Stolen/Refunded

As you can see, securing your coins should be taken seriously!Paranoia Intensifies

Let’s discuss one of the two decent options for securing your crypto: hardware wallets. Paper wallets are also a good option in certain circumstances but are not as suited for regular access to your funds on an internet-enabled computer, so we won’t examine them here. Paper wallets are discussed in our blockchain guides.


3 Hardware Wallets – Ledger Nano S vs. Trezor

There are many hardware wallets available, and most manufacturers offer many models. For the sake of simplicity, we are only going to discuss these two options today, as they are usually readily available and are arguably the most popular. The KeepKey deserves mention here too as it’s been getting some positive reviews.

The aim of this article is not to shill you my favorite hardware wallets, however, it’s an important purchase, so let’s briefly go over the pros and cons of these two:

Ledger Nano S

Ledger Nano S Hardware Wallet
Ledger Nano S Hardware Wallet

Pros

Cons

Affordably priced device with screen Currently less adopted than the Trezor
Passphrase support
Support for multiple currencies
Integrates with various software wallets

Trezor

Trezor Hardware Wallet
Trezor Hardware Wallet

Pros

Cons

Has screen Recent security issues (patched)
Passphrase support More expensive
Support for numerous currencies Slightly fewer currencies supported
Integrates with various software wallets

Conclusion

The Ledger Nano S takes the cake mostly due to price and currency support. That’s not to say other hardware wallets aren’t good. Do your own research and buy a wallet that’s right for you. And remember, always purchase your hardware wallet direct from vendors or authorized distributors. Never purchase from Amazon, eBay or third parties if you can’t be sure the device hasn’t been tampered with.

Click here if you’d like to purchase a Nano S directly from Ledger.


4 Ledger Nano S – Safe Setup Guide

Before we get started, let’s briefly touch on the standard that the Nano, and most hardware wallets, currently use. BIP 39.

BIP 39 is a Bitcoin Improvement Proposal for the application layer which uses the implementation of a mnemonic sentence to generate a wallet. For the Ledger Nano S, this means you will be generated a 24-word mnemonic phrase which is used to create and restore your wallet. We also refer to this as your seed.

Unboxed Ledger Nano S
Unboxed Ledger Nano S

Setup

You’ve bought some Bitcoin, unboxed your brand new Ledger Nano S, and you’re ready to rock. Make sure any webcams or mobile phones are not pointed towards your Ledger device and get started by plugging the USB cable provided into your Nano S and then into your PC. Your Nano will load up and show a welcome screen, you then have to press both of the buttons along the top edge of the device simultaneously to begin set up.

Lets begin!
Let’s begin!

You’ll be asked if you want to configure the Nano S as a new device, you do, so choose the tick for “yes” and press both buttons together to select.

You’ll then be asked to choose a PIN code. Don’t choose a PIN that you use for credit cards or other apps/devices, create a new pin. You can always use a word and choose the corresponding letters on your phone’s keypad to create a new pin. Bear in mind that we will be setting up two PIN numbers for your device (explained later). Press both buttons together and then enter your PIN number by using each button to cycle through the digits, and both buttons together to select a digit. You’ll be asked to confirm your PIN code, repeat the process.

You’ll now be asked to write down your recovery phrase.

Write down your recovery phrase
Write down your recovery phrase

This is an important step; you won’t be able to verify your phrase without it written down so make sure you do so carefully. We’ll be confirming your full phrase later too as this is what will be used to recover your wallet if your device is faulty, lost or stolen. Scroll through the words and write them on the card provided. Once you’re complete, press both buttons together to continue.

Now it’s time to confirm your recovery phrase (seed).

Confirm your recovery phrase
Confirm your recovery phrase

You will be asked to select a few words from your phrase that match the number given, to verify that you wrote it down correctly. Scroll through the words until you see the one that matches and click both buttons to confirm.

Congratulations, your device is now ready! But not too fast, we have more work to do.

Your device is now ready
Your device is now ready

Firstly let’s make sure your device is up to date by clicking on the following:

Settings Device Firmware

Make sure your firmware version matches the latest version shown on the Ledger website.

Now we’re going to attach a passphrase, more on this below.

Using a Passphrase

The passphrase addition to a hardware wallet enables (in essence) you to hide multiple wallets on the device. Technically, the passphrase (or 25th seed word) is not used explicitly in the BIP 39 standard. What it does is scrambles your seed according to a predetermined algorithm. However, don’t dwell on this too much, you only need your seed and passphrase to recover your device.

Here’s how it works:

  • You can attach a passphrase to your device, with a unique pin.
  • The passphrase acts like a password on top of your 24-word seed.
  • You can then access either your default wallet derived from the 24-word seed,
  • or your passphrase wallet derived from your 24-word seed plus your passphrase.
  • The wallet you access depends on the pin you use.
  • When it comes to recovering your device, you use the 24-word seed, then you attach the passphrase again (with new pin numbers if you wish).

Let’s go through the motions of setting one up. Click the following on your Nano to get to the passphrase setup page:

Settings Security  Passphrase

You’ll be asked whether you’d like to set a temporary passphrase to access a passphrase wallet quickly or to “Attach to a PIN.” For this article, we will be attaching a passphrase to a PIN.

Attach to a PIN
Attach to a PIN

Before attaching your passphrase you will be told that the feature is for advanced users and to read the FAQ, you should do so. If you feel uncomfortable with this process, then you should think about skipping it. However, it is highly beneficial from a security standpoint, and we will go through the recovery process multiple times to ensure you can recover correctly.

You will be asked to choose a secret PIN code, go ahead and enter a new PIN. This PIN will be used to access your passphrase wallet only. The PIN you set earlier will be used to access your default wallet.

Chose a secret PIN code
Chose a secret PIN code

Once you’ve entered your passphrase PIN, you will be asked to enter a secret passphrase.

Enter a secret passphrase
Enter a secret passphrase

You can cycle through letters and symbols in this section to enter your passphrase. Your passphrase is a password on top of your seed, don’t use anything obvious (treat it like a password). Enter it carefully and be sure to check and confirm it when asked.

You will finally be asked to enter your current PIN. This is the original PIN number you set up earlier.

Enter your original PIN here
Enter your original PIN here

Once you’ve confirmed your current PIN, your passphrase will be attached to your Nano S. Congratulations!

The reasoning behind attaching a passphrase is that you can store a small, believable amount of crypto using your default seed wallet. You then store your main crypto holdings on the passphrase wallet. This way, if you or your seed are compromised, the thieves should only have access to your default wallet.

We’ll now go through the essential steps of testing and verifying your setup. Once you’ve completed the verification, you’ll sleep sound at night knowing your Nano S is setup securely and your wallets can be restored successfully.

Verify Your Setup

To verify your setup we are going to go through a number of steps to ensure your default and passphrase wallets are accessible and recoverable. To test the wallets, we will need to use some software for sending currency so go ahead and install Ledger Live. Now you’re going to perform the following tasks:

  1. Login to your Nano with your default PIN, run the Ledger Live app and note down your wallet address.
  2. Login to your Nano with your passphrase PIN, run the Ledger Live app and note down your wallet address.
  3. Wipe your device by entering an incorrect PIN number 3 times.
  4. Restore your device from your 24-word seed. (Long and tedious, but it needs to be done!)
  5. Reattach your passphrase to a PIN.

So now you know you can restore your wallets, great! But we haven’t made any transactions yet. So let’s go ahead and make some.

  1. Send a minimal amount of crypto to your default wallet address.
  2. Send it back to wherever you sent it from.
  3. Send a minimal amount of crypto to your passphrase wallet address.
  4. Send it back to wherever you sent it from.

You can send and receive crypto, excellent! But here’s where I’m going to seriously annoy you:

  1. Wipe your device by entering an incorrect PIN number 3 times.
  2. Restore your device from your 24-word seed.
  3. Reattach your passphrase to a PIN.

Excessive? Maybe. But now you’ve verified you can send and receive crypto from both your wallets, and you have restored your device twice. You won’t panic if you need to do it again in the future (maybe in a hurry) and you’ll be less likely to make mistakes. Congratulations, you’ve gained peace of mind, and you’ve only had to forfeit a little time and the cost of a Ledger Nano S. Superb bargain in my opinion!

Usage & Final Security Tweaks

Finally, here are some usage and security tweaks to further secure your Ledger Nano S:

  • Settings Security  Auto-lock – Set this to 3 minutes.
  • Settings Security  Shuffle PIN – Set this to Yes.
  • Always verify transactions on the device screen before approving them. That’s what it’s for; it protects against this.
  • If you use a third party to send from the Nano (such as MyEtherWallet) always verify the domain and use a bookmarked link. Again, verify transactions on the Nano screen.

Click here to purchase a Nano S directly from Ledger.


5 Storing Your Recovery Phrase

Now you’ve set up your Nano and double/triple/quadruple checked your recovery phrase (seed), we need to think about how and where you’re going to store it.

Let’s start with how. Typically, users store their seed written in pen on the card that comes with their Nano. I’m not an advocate of this, as paper doesn’t have the properties of something that can withstand nature (water or fire). But there is a solution: steel.

Cryptosteel - Indestructible Recovery Phrase Storage
Cryptosteel – Indestructible Recovery Phrase Storage

Storing your seed on a device such as the cryptosteel will protect it against fire, water, electricity, and stains. These devices come with a selection of letters that can be inserted in the order required to spell your seed words. It’s a bit fiddly to get all the letters in, but worth the piece of mind you’ll get from having your seed phrase safe and sound, forged in steel. You only need to record the first four letters of each word for a secure backup, so the cryptosteel mnemonic is the one for the job. If you don’t feel like splashing out, you can always obtain a sheet of steel and use a hammer, and some letter punches to store your seed.

Safety Deposit BoxNow you’ve got your seed protected from the elements, we can think about where to store it. The best option, in my opinion, is a safety deposit box. You’ll need to check with your local bank as to whether or not they have this facility, but you should be able to find at least one bank offering this service nearby. Depending on your level of paranoia, you could also buy another cryptosteel and hide/bury one somewhere. In your backyard, for example. Although, I would not advise storing a copy of your seed anywhere insecure if you haven’t used a passphrase. In this case, I would recommend you split the seed in two (12 words each) and store in two separate secure locations, for example, two safety deposit boxes in different banks.

The next topic I’m going to touch upon is sharing the location of your seed with your husband/wife/parent/significant other. Many may not be comfortable with this, but if you want your partner or family to have access to your funds should the unthinkable happen, you’ll need to take action. There are probably ways in which they could only get access in the case of your death (in a will, for instance), so this might be a better option. Remember, if you’re using a passphrase on your Nano, they’ll need to know this too. They can know the passphrase and without access to the seed, have no access to your funds.


6 Memorizing Your Recovery Phrase

While memorizing 24 words, in order, may seem like a daunting task, I can assure you it’s a piece of cake. The approach we will use is called: The Method of Loci.

The Method of LociMethod of Loci

The method of loci, also known as memory journey, memory palace, or mind palace technique, is a method adopted by the ancient Romans and Greeks. Since its inception, it’s been used, in some form, by many memory competition champions to recall complex lists, numbers and various other items.

How It Works

Imagine you are walking back into your childhood home. Do you remember the layout? Can you visualize some of the items in each room? Usually, the answer is yes. This is because most people are more efficient at remembering using spatial memory than explicit memory, which means they can remember things which fit into spaces more easily than they can remember lists of words or numbers.

Home Layout
Do you remember the layout of your childhood home?

To memorize our seed, we will take an imaginary walk through our childhood home (or any building that you see fit) and integrate the words from our seed. They can be incorporated in any way really, if words are particularly obscure, try to think of rhymes or related items to include in your story to help you remember. Your house is real, but the story you create can be pure fiction.

The Story

Let’s start with a randomly generated BIP 39 mnemonic seed:

mother pelican drastic minimum twice evoke enter museum firm purity hurry cage nephew piece bulb pilot news frost marble blast afraid flag width service

Caution: Do not use this seed under any circumstances. If you use it, bad actors can and will access your funds. Your hardware wallet will generate you a unique seed during setup.

Now, let’s tie these seed words to a story as we walk through our home:

I enter the front door into the kitchen and my mother is frying lamb chops (my favorite) at the stove. She is wearing an apron with a large pelican design across the front. Drastic rhymes with plastic and she’s using a plastic spatula. She’s only cooking one lamb chop, that’s the minimum lamb chops someone can cook! I walk into the living room and turn the light on and off twice. Being here evokes childhood memories. My father enters the room; he’s been on a trip to the museum with his firm. My father quickly mentions the purity of the new coffee beans he’s purchased but has to hurry into the dining room to let the dog out of its cage.

My nephew plays with the dog in the dining room. He’s just finished eating a piece of cake. He turns the lamp on and off; the dog likes seeing the bulb flash. My father is sat at the dining table watching the small TV. A pilot is on the news talking about a troubled landing due to the frost.

I take my nephew upstairs to the bedroom to find my old marble set. We find it, and he has a blast playing with it. I’m afraid he’ll end up eating one though. I head back downstairs and notice the photograph of my grandfather on the wall. There is a flag in the background, the photo frame is very wide, but I don’t know the specific width. I think about how my grandfather must have felt spending during his years of service with the armed forces.

And there we have it, a weird and wonderful story incorporating our 24 words from our seed phrase. It’s far more words than the original 24, but I can assure that it will be much easier to memorize. Don’t save your story on any electronic device and if you write it down, do so away from any webcams or mobile phones with cameras (paranoid much?). Now here’s how we store it in our long-term memory:

Set Reminders

You’re going to need to review your story regularly to imprint it in your memory for easy access down the line. To do this, simply set a number of reminders in your calendar to practice your story. Start off using your seed phrase written down as a guide and then slowly try to recite your story using less and less help from the guide. After first creating your story, spend a good 30-60 minutes going over it and trying to memorize it. For the following days, you will need much less time to recite your story. Maybe 5 minutes or so at first, to just a few seconds once you’re beginning to remember the whole story without looking at your seed phrase.

  • For the first week, set a daily calendar reminder to recite your story.
  • For the following three weeks, set a reminder for every three days.
  • For the following month, set a reminder for every week.
  • For the following year, set a reminder for every month, or until you know it like the back of your hand.

This process will reinforce the neural pathways used in your brain to locate the information. By the time you are finished your 24 words will be imprinted in your memory forever!

To see more about this technique check out these Youtube videos from Ron White and Joshua Foer. Joshua can remember the first 100 digits of Pi, and pretty much anything else! He is a former U.S.A. Memory Champion.


7 Worst Case Scenarios – Are You Covered?

If you followed the advice in this article, you should be on the way to having secured your crypto holdings for most scenarios (short of the Apocalypse). Let’s see how well your setup holds up to the following would-be disasters:

Scenario

Result

Your Nano is stolen. No big deal, you have your seed backed up and memorized. Buy another Nano or use a BIP 39 recovery tool (if urgent) to restore your wallet.
You’re hit on the head and suffer permanent amnesia. Your significant other knows where your seed is stored and knows your passphrase. Let’s hope you’ve been treating them well or you might end up with a seed and no passphrase!
The bank’s safety deposit boxes are flooded. Your cryptosteel is fine; your seed is also memorized.
The bank’s safety deposit boxes are burnt in a fire. Your cryptosteel is fine; your seed is also memorized.
Your safety deposit box is compromised. Your cryptosteel is in the hands of the thief. They can restore the default wallet which only holds a small amount your crypto. The rest is in the seed + passphrase wallet. Your seed and passphrase are memorized, so buy another Nano or use a BIP 39 recovery tool (if urgent) to restore your wallet.
You’re held hostage and forced to reveal your pin/seed. You give them your pin/seed that’s not attached to your passphrase and hope that they believe it’s your main wallet. Beware the $5 wrench.
Death by lightening While it’s sad you won’t be able to spend your crypto gains on yachts and Lamborghinis, at least your significant other will have access to your funds. They do have access to your seed and know your passphrase right?

I hope you’ve enjoyed learning how to secure your crypto holdings. If you are rocking back and forth in the corner uttering paranoid delusions, then my job here is done. Joking aside, you can never take security too seriously when it comes to cryptocurrencies. We are entering a new era, hacking and theft are only going to get more persistent – secure yourself now! And remember:

Just because you’re paranoid, don’t mean they’re not after you.

If you haven’t already, it’s worth reading our article on OPSEC and general security practices to help you stay safe in your day to day activities online (including using crypto exchanges). Also, please help us spread the word by sharing this article with your friends and family if you feel they would benefit from the advice we’ve outlined. Sharing is caring!

UPDATES


  • Oct 18, 2017Originally posted.
  • Nov 13, 2017Updated Known Hacks & Losses table to include details of the 2nd Parity Multi-sig vulnerability.
  • Jan 3, 2018 – Updated Known Hacks & Losses table to include details of the EtherDelta DNS Hack.
  • Jan 6, 2018 – Updated Known Hacks & Losses table to include details of the eBay Ledger Nano Scratch-off Seed Scam.
  • Jan 29, 2018 – Updated Known Hacks & Losses table to include details of the Coincheck NEM hack.
  • Jan 30, 2019 – Updated to include Ledger Live application.

How to Store & Secure Crypto on a Ledger Nano S [2020 Expert Guide] was originally found on Cryptocurrency News | Tech, Privacy, Bitcoin & Blockchain | Blokt.

Fair Spins & Fair Wins: Fairspin Casino Adds New Games and Reports Record Win

Fair Spins & Fair Wins: Fairspin Casino Adds New Games and Reports Record Win

The Fairspin blockchain casino has recently paid out almost 3 BTC to a lucky user and urges other players to try and beat this February record with free spins in 500+ new games.

As a blockchain casino, Fairspin allows players to track and check all their deposits, bets, and payouts via a distributed ledger. As a result, everyone can verify that Fairspin users have won more than 60 000 ETH since the casino was founded in late 2018.

One of the biggest wins on the platform happened to a lucky fairspinner just recently, on February 27, 2020. The player withdrew 2.931 BTC (more than $25,000 on the day of the win) in a single transaction, as can be seen on a blockchain explorer.

The winner hit the jackpot in the Hip-Hop Panda online slot. This is an important part of the story because Hip-Hop Panda is a traditional, non-blockchain game from a well-known provider, PG Soft. Fairspin is the first and still the only blockchain casino with games that are not built on blockchain. By utilizing a complex tech solution from the TruePlay blockchain platform, it offers the most sought-after games from reputable providers but still records all the gaming data on blockchain.

TruePlay offers its solution to online casinos that choose to use transparency as its main advantage. TruePlay crypto wallet and ERC20 TPLAY token make it possible to keep track of all transactions in blockchain and to convert any currency into TPLAY token automatically. As long as this token is not listed on crypto trading or exchange platforms and can be only stored on a TruePlay wallet, we can see a clear picture of the casino’s transactions. It means we see the actual sum of wins, losses, payouts, but most importantly we can check the RTP (return to player) of each game.

The range of games on Fairspin has been steadily expanding since the platform’s launch but the most drastic increase in their number is a recent story. The number was nearly doubled this month with the addition of more than 700 new games.

To help players try the new games out and beat the recent top win, Fairspin gives 70 free spins to each of its email and social media subscribers. With such a big bonus for thousands of players, it’s highly likely that the total amount of player winnings on Fairspin will also shoot up this month.

The post Fair Spins & Fair Wins: Fairspin Casino Adds New Games and Reports Record Win appeared first on Live Coin Watch - Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency News.

Cointracker.io Review – The Best Crypto Tax Calculator

With new cryptocurrency regulations and legislative developments, there need to be technical developments too. In line with this there is a tool used by thousands to calculate cryptocurrency tax –  Cointracker.io. 

I Loved It! 

I was very Keen to Share this review as my experience with the tool was amazing! A secure and simple platform that automates your portfolio and taxing solutions.  

What is Cointracker.io? 

CoinTracker.io is a portfolio and tax manager for over 2,500 cryptocurrencies. It auto-syncs cryptocurrency transactions and presents a performance portfolio in a sophisticated dashboard. This is the crypto portfolio tracking tool to go for if you want to add features of tax filing.

That does make it more worthwhile, in addition to tracking prices, market caps, and historical data about cryptocurrencies. It allows you to track crypto portfolios across all exchanges, wallets, and even currencies and helps you avoid the clutter on complicated and bloated Google spreadsheets. Of course, Google spreadsheets work if you are meticulous about recording each transfer and trade and have been doing so since you made the first crypto purchase.

Additionally, the Cointracker tool can be connected with 100k Popular Crypto wallets and exchanges with an exceptional record of $10B transaction volume.

Who’s behind Cointracker?

Cointracker company is based in San Francisco and it was created by a company named Nino finance, Cointracker is founded by two ex-employees of Google, Chandan Lodha, and Jon Lerner.

Chandan Lodha-Co-founder: Before starting the coin tracker platform, Lodha worked as an associate product manager at Google.

Jon Lerner-Co founder: Jon was a software engineer at Google. 

Cointracker Features

Wallet & Exchange Integration: Cointracker enables you to directly connect your wallet and exchange, further it continuously and automatically sync your balances and transactions from your local wallet and exchange.

Investment Performance: With powerful technology such as cost basis tracking, automatic detection and price history detection, coin tracker allows you to get an accurate view of your investment performance and your Return on investment (ROI) over time and other information.

Fee Tracking: Cointracker enables you to see the fee that you have paid per transaction and per exchange.

Multiple Cost Basis Methods: Cointracker provides its users with five various accounting methods to generate tax forms such as FIFO, LIFO, HIFO, Adjusted cost base, and shared pool.

How does it work?

The most obvious step is to start connecting your exchange wallets to the CoinTracker account. Right now, the crypto tracker supports over 300 crypto exchanges. Besides that, you can add any public address to any wallet that holds Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin and Dogecoin and the tool will read the balance and update other info in real time.

For the rest of the over 2000 coins they support, you will have to add them manually (names and amount held, when you bought and how much you paid them for) so that it helps you to track value. Since it detects when you transfer crypto between exchanges or wallets, you are able to track cost basis and capital gains for the portfolio.

This feature allows those filing for the tax to calculate capital gains reports using FIFO, LIFO or HIFO accounting. When the feature launched, it cost $29.99 for a tax report of fewer than 100 transactions. This subscription also allows for a pre-populated IRS Form 8949. You could also pay up to $999.99 for unlimited transactions including prior years.

Process of Signup

  • One can sign up using their Coinbase account, google account. There is also a direct email signup in cse you do not have coinbase or google account. Or you do not wish to associate those accounts with Cointracker.
  • Once you enter your google or email, the next step would be email verification.
  • After you successfully log in, on the dashboard, you will see the option of adding exchanges and wallets. One can select among 300 exchanges and wallets.
  • Next is to set up a 2FA for securing your account.
  • Once 2FA is set, connect the exchanges or wallets (selected in the prior step) with your cointracker account. 
  • In case of Coinbase, you will be redirected to the Coinbase account. You would be asked for authentication.
  • OTP verification is asked. and Voila you are Good to go.

The process of filing lets you gather data from connected exchanges and wallets. It allows you to track the number of transactions for a given year or for all years. You are able to then view the summary of tax based on the cost basis method. You then download your tax package for capital gains, generate form 8949 and download the TurboTax Report.

Otherwise, the tool also lets you track every data and information about the entire portfolio as well as for each of the coins in your portfolio. You are able to see your performance over time for the entire portfolio and for individual coins and collate the transaction history into one list.

Besides that, you can watch the general list of cryptocurrencies (including those not in your portfolio) in the list of top 100 coins. This lets you make a good decision on whether a cryptocurrency is good to invest in or add into your portfolio.

Cointracker Pricing

The application is free to use by anyone at the basic level; however, to get more advanced plans that aid with advanced tax calculations, you have to buy them. 

Let’s have a look at the various subscription plans;

Free plan – it’s free

  • 200 transactions
  • Portfolio tracking
  • Capital gains
  • Error reconciliation

Premium – this one will cost you $127

  • 3,000 transactions
  • Portfolio tracking
  • Capital gains
  • Error reconciliation
  • Tax-loss harvesting guidance
  • Margin trading
  • DeFi functionality
  • Tax summary by wallet
  • Chat support

Unlimited – Priced individually

  • Unlimited transactions
  • Portfolio tracking
  • Capital gains
  • Error reconciliation
  • Tax-loss harvesting guidance
  • Margin trading
  • DeFi functionality
  • Tax summary by wallet
  • Priority support
  • Custom features

Mobile Apps

CoinTracker has apps for iOS and Android. Both apps currently only have around 10 reviews, probably because they are new. Comments about the app are generally positive. People who tried the apps out praised their fast and easy to use interfaces.

Recent Updates:

March 11, 2020: Cointracker.io partners with Casa to give users multisignature security.

Jan 21, 2020: CoinTracker reduced the crypto tax compliance

Conclusion

Cointracker is an advanced cryptocurrency tracking and tax solution platform. Moreover, the platform connects to your exchanges and wallets with read-only access. Cointracker is free to use although the tax generator form is pricey. The major plus is a coin tracker that integrates with most popular accounting software programs and major cryptocurrency exchanges.

FAQ’S


Does Cointracker.io support margin trading?


CoinTracker does not currently support margin trading, derivatives, swaps, or futures.


Does Cointrader.io have mobile apps?


CoinTracker has apps for iOS and Android. Their USP is fast and easy to use interfaces.


Is Cointracker.io free?


No, the platform has subscription charges. The more trades you need to calculate, the more expensive your tax form will be.

Cointracker.io Review

David


Functionality

Ease of use

Support

Price

Technology

Summary


Cointracker is a unique web application that is responsible for monitoring, tracking, and taking updated information on a user’s crypto portfolio while at the same time, automatically generating tax forms for the individual.

4.4
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